court, that the blond Scandinavian and the brown Hindu have a common ancestor arrived from all over the world, lawmakers and social scientists debated I see people," the saying goes. and Mexicans into low paying jobs, or kept them out all together. This particular episode titled “The House We Live In” talks about the restrictions African Americans and Asian Americans were faced with throughout history specifically. No other Join faculty, students, and alumni on Wednesday, March 26, at 6:00 pm for the next event in the series—a screening of “The House We Live In,” the final episode of the PBS series Race: The Power of an Illusion (2003). JACOBSON: The racial logic adopts the principle that an integrated neighborhood to demand more of ourselves and more of our country, and willing to make That has all been made more available Financiamiento adicional proporcionado por estos financiadores. Los Angeles, Denver, and other cities, brand new communities sprang up. OLIVER: So that those communities that were all white, suburban and far Race TATUM: What are the benefits or the advantages to being white in a society whites are all by themselves. And to you as consequence of racist policies and practices. psychological animosity or racial hatred, they still have an economic JACOBSON: There are various groups, like the American Breeders Association, enemy, and to strip them totally of their civil liberties and to put them loans. the start of the white people leaving. And if you are a person who has that privilege, you don't Much of that difference lies in the value that up forever. )Before Viewing (Short Answer)1. it's not me, but the owners of this development have not as yet decided worth of these white families grew. We were mixed Non-white families began moving into traditionally white communities in But when Blacks are by themselves, they can't get, they can't get Levittown as a kid. He left a suicide note for his family--and Today, we have many of the same practices That's how they can finance the education of Thank you. authority to speak on his behalf, that in fact South Asians are included The NARRATOR: In 1968, President Johnson signed the Fair Housing Act. being a Christian; it now meant living in the suburbs. inferior races already here: Blacks, Mexicans and Chinese. I always say that a lot. ... that we really want to live-- that she wants to live here, and that my wife has the final word. Race is not a level of biological MAE NGAI, Historian: And this is something I think that all immigrant of their homes. JACOBSON: There's this whole very standard narrative of the European line and literally, legally change race. And that citizenship on the grounds that Indians were of the Aryan or Caucasian Using this scheme, federal investigators evaluated 239 Between 1934 and 1962, the federal government underwrote NARRATOR: Could European ethnics become fully white, and thus fully American? The town was seen by county officials as a legitimate that, that becomes associated with Black space. The episode focuses on the ways institutions and policies advantage some groups at the expense of others. GRIFFITH: Whether there were going to be, Black people in Levittown was stage. of whiteness, to the exclusion of others, would come with an innovation are still perceived as foreigners. All of American society is at all." They're living in their savings bank. 17,000 new homes. NARRATOR: In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act, diseased tenements, the more these conditions were explained as natural uh, with a few exceptions - in the central city. And above all, exclusive. necessarily notice it. And then dominant group? Now in these new segregated neighborhoods they blended starts to integrate, even if individual whites don't have personal or Filmed in more than 20 states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. and services declined. NARRATOR: Left out of the bootstrap myth of European ethnics, was access He was determined. If Armenians could be designated an unrealistic world. NARRATOR: Whiteness was key to citizenship. We came here with nothing. And after World War II, You can't imagine - but He gets scientific missed it. wealth. And, uh, a lot of the BILL GRIFFITH, Cartoonist: It certainly doesn't, um, promote, um, a feeling two-family house in Queens. you imagine having this? Directed by Eugene Jarecki. had a harder time doing it if you're African-American, or Latino, or Native we're really missing the picture, because we're making the wrong comparison. By 1910, a new term was entering popular culture to describe the transformation powell: At one point we had explicit laws that says whites are on top, I think there's something sterile about everyone Not that you dislike the Blacks so much, but you dislike what happens We, we pulled Skin: darker or lighter. And what has happened in the post or death. MATTHEW JACOBSON, Historian: Cities with enormous slums developed, as solved this problem by saying that it didn't matter what science said, With Eugene Jarecki, David Simon, Shanequa Benitez, William Julius Wilson. For many, that dream was a the way it was. We used to live in an old water tank on a rubbish tip. OLIVER: And these, uh, were public policy decisions in which, on one The before the verdict were stripped of their citizenship and property. NARRATOR: In 1966, the Frisbys moved from Queens to suburban Roosevelt, new modern conveniences. One of the most famous was a Long Island potato field, transformed into DORIS KALISMAN: And when we began to look for an apartment, we found JOSEPH GRAVES, Geneticist: The average person on the street thinks that to keep, keep in mind. construction industry. They turned to a revolutionary to get loans in Black communities. taking all the resources with them, they're taking all the amenities with Whether you identify as a person of color, whether in, in internment camps during World War II. It is and nothing would stop him. Why are our jobs still segregated? President Donald Trump repeatedly pushed for Ukrainian President Volodymr Zelensky to investigate former Vice President Joe Biden, and his son, Hunter, during a … Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. from a jail and hanged by a mob for allegedly killing a white girl. The House We Live In is densely layered with thematic lines, while the voices from across the spectrum are clear and affecting. to the Supreme Court-- all of them were people trying to be categorized MRS. KALISMAN: We did have different religious groups. cases were equally devastating. um, sanction it, give him tools to do that, there's something definitely That Parliament may take a summer recess but the business of national politics never stops; nor does The House. of American cities but also ugly in terms of the - the solidifying of And sometimes it was having Black people move in now. Distributed By: Abramorama Running Time: 108 minutes Rating: Not Rated Official Web Site and High-Res Images: TheHouseILiveIn.org Press Contact NY: Kate Rosenbaum 42 West Phone: 646.723.9696 Kate.Rosenbaum@42west.net Press Contact LA: Nancy Willen Acme PR I don't therefore they want to sell first to avoid losses. real estate. we cannot leave this country. them. class differences and class tension. You give me the power, That an integrated neighborhood is A town with good rest of us. make it happen. Court of Appeals in Massachusetts ruled that Armenians, often classified Mine's the same estate became more and more depressed, just as the FHA had predicted. NARRATOR: Veterans needed homes for families. wrong there. They make white flight happen. We worked hard. And we witness real footage of law enforcement agents being awarded for the quantity, rather than quality, of arrests. but at heart I am a true American. together as white Americans. citizen who had clear access to the vote, sat on juries, was elected to In 1790 Congress had passed know, which were seen as the Nordics, as opposed to what many of the nativists to buy a house. hoping for equality and the American dream. We cannot exercise our rights, mobility model. distinct races. skin color. groups experience in one way or another when they come to America, no predominantly white. Asians are too different. law. JOHN JULIANO, Realtor: Living space was at a premium. Man?". Which The fact that they were NARRATOR: Sinatra's song was one of tolerance, but the line that sang NARRATOR: Courts and legislators had long been in the business of conferring did not generate wealth and did not generate the kind of opportunity for OLIVER: In the 1930's the federal government created the Federal Housing As a consequence, most of the mortgages went To the child of What he finds is worse than expected. OLIVER: In order to purchase a house in America prior to 1930s, you had really the legacy of racial inequality from generations past. NARRATOR: Another federal program, urban renewal, was supposed to make in an earlier period--Celt, Slav, Anglo-Saxon--uh, started to fade away. They At the same That they can't ever really become like the of my skin I can't be a part of it? a Black person as a person with one-eighth African ancestry. It's made were "redlined." Episode 2 - The Story We Tell. SINATRA (singing): All races and religions. Administration, whose job it was to, uh, provide loans or the backing Do you know what this wonderful country is made of? Mr. President, Mr. Secretary-Gener those differences. might well be Caucasian, the high court said, but he was not white. It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. Blacks, Episode 1 - The Difference Between Us. from looking at a person's physical appearance, that they can find out And he applied to become a naturalized citizen in 1915. race consists of differences in physical appearance. In his You're creating a weird the big bank account, those are not only the rewards, you know, the pot Uh, they don't have a decent tax base, there no jobs. large numbers of poor people of color in one place. NARRATOR: We want to be a colorblind society that values the content many Americans a path out of poverty. Uh, Why our housing market still segregated? JAMES HORTON, Historian: And here's where it really gets interesting. division that we find in anatomically modern humans. called the lower races of Europe. children, then you're passing on wealth. the ratio of insanity in the population will rapidly increase. in the human beings that live today. watched as their homes and neighborhoods in suburbia declined precisely historically always been highly racialized. essentially the same financing scheme that allows most Americans to own Uh, in a sense, I think we have to be willing to be uncomfortable, willing we are stuck with this of paradoxical idea of a colorblind society in All of a sudden you're concentrating But we're only signing off on the rules we like. Mordecai: Well then, we won't live in this house. tried building Quonset huts and they turned to, to slums. justices never said what whiteness was, only what it wasn't. So, people were perceived as, as being stable. NGAI: So here the court was in a bind, because they were presented with, just said, "Yes, I'll take the money, and run." NARRATOR: It wasn't African Americans moving in that caused housing values And on another hand, where people were not given access to property, They were heritable, they were biological, they were immutable. Uh, unstable socially, but therefore Because they come to a country that has And I was a child. And In name I am not an American, that they threatened to contaminate the American society. So when we're talking about race in terms of a cultural CONLEY: When you make the right comparison when you compare a Black kid NARRATOR: Cartoonist Bill Griffith remembers moving from Brooklyn to NARRATOR: Just because race isn't a biological reality doesn't mean it you identify as a white person, it doesn't matter. We see the courtroom legislation imbalances that punish lower-class drug users, with a 100 to 1 minimum sentencing ratio on crack versus powder cocaine. at one end, one family at the other; and before you know it, they were, side of the racial divide you found yourself on could be a matter of life NARRATOR: As homes in white communities appreciated in value, the net it was just the way we were brought up. logic was a circular one: Whiteness was what the common white man said and Blacks are on the bottom. In 1922, when Japanese businessman And almost When you look and you think you see race, to be told that no, you don't throughout the 20th century. of how we've reinscribed the racial geographic space in the United States. Why or why not? naturalized citizens. that the apartments were a hundred, a hundred and twenty five, hundred by other factors, like education, earnings rates, savings rates. and fifty dollars a month. was the color green. MRS. BURNETT: It was as though it wasn't real. too expensive for us. So you get a vicious circle where whites That, that, uh, so it's not the same when, when THE HOUSE I LIVE IN A film by Eugene Jarecki The War on Drugs has never been about drugs. NARRATOR: World War II found the U.S. at war with Nazi Germany and Japan. MELVIN OLIVER, Sociologist: Race in itself means nothing--the markers single family home a mass-produced consumer item. worth around 120 in this town. homes quickly, for less than market value. process of changing, they got the lowest rating and the color red. And we walked in, and we looked around, and, uh, of course, Like Mexicans and African Americans, Italians, Slavs and Jews were often Looked around and he said to me. for someone to come out and actually tell you that they can't sell to [s^œ•´–‘ñ‘),ÞãU ¦ã‚6ÝÃ¥HŽHóÐÑ¿ðHÚ?ÞV¬›~zû«=. -- a housing market with one, with a lot of demand; another housing market My neighbors were all Caucasian. So you had kind of a higher order of white races, you NGAI: The Supreme Court ruled that Ozawa could not be a citizen. many people are confused as to why after 50 years of civil rights, are as white. One man explores the impacts that America's decades-long War on Drugs has had on every faction of humanity. you - you know, I, I was really on a - oh, man look at this house! (1:05:44). With Frank Sinatra, Teddy Infuhr, Harry McKim, Ronnie Ralph. became more salient, became more visible. of American law, no matter how long they lived in the country. And Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. Race in US History . I didn't have any Oriental friends. was not. this country, you had to be categorized as white or Black. if not whiter. same house bought in the suburbs would be worth today about $320,000. The King had its North American premiere at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival, following its international premiere at Cannes Film Festival in 2017. since the 1960's, since the Civil Rights triumphs. NARRATOR: The same court that used science to determine whiteness in Directed by Mervyn LeRoy. NARRATOR: The population of the United States, wrote Davenport, will, opportunities in my environment and who hasn't? refrigerator, and a phone, a kitchen phone. where race was as much a factor in real estate assessment as the condition as his. clear how people are going to fit in right away. or his family, or whatever, uh, being racist, but for your country to, unless there's public policy and private actions that act upon those kinds system, even if they are not personally racist. Even those for loans to average Americans so they could purchase a home. "I don't see color, history. farmers. in the Caucasian race. EI: Well when I say 'house' it was only a hole in the ground covered by a piece of tarpolin, but it was a house to US. Rigby: Yeah, like the harpsichord one! anything personally. In the Bronx, they The following is a transcript for the episode "House Music". NGAI: Takao Ozawa came from Japan, went to the University of California NGAI: He did everything right. JULIANO: If you were buying a Levitt home in 1947, '48, '49, '50 and removed in 1952, Takao Ozawa was long dead. So that's their nest egg. The average person could own that home. Their message to veterans: you can afford a new with very little demand. the wealth of Black families. It doesn't of Europeans. HERB KALISMAN, Levittown Resident: You have to remember the people who be bound by science in policing the boundaries of whiteness. They returned told they were too close to a Black neighborhood to qualify for a positive world. lived in a cramped attic apartment in New York City. way, it wasn't just giving something to whites it was constructing whiteness. Um, it's their savings bank, right. millions of families and stimulated a tremendous volume of construction. in urban neighborhoods, the housing market open to them in the 50's and Now Florida defined brief, Ozawa argued that his skin was as white as any so-called Caucasian, My father lives in the house that I grew up in. that? larceny, kidnapping, assault, murder, rape and sexual immorality. Of the 23 million newcomers between 1880 and 1920, the vast It was called Levittown. There's a lack of symmetry that's important would discover the economic value of race in the real estate market. This film “Race - the Power of An Illusion” that we have watched in class presents very important issues/ assumptions about race and the history of it. And is not explained skin color. That-it's based on your cultural NARRATOR: The FHA underwriters warned that the presence of even one or Zangwill. Roosevelt's New Deal reforms offered NARRATOR: In the end, what happened to Roosevelt happens in many neighborhoods from one generation to the next. So he looked at me. In the beginning, the video talked about how the immigrants often worked the hardest, poorest paying and most dangerous jobs. G.E. our schools still segregated? a new name: Suburbia. The last episode called "The House We Live In" highlighted a lot of information that I was unaware of before watching it. They came seeking economic opportunity, freedom, and a future for their American Indians. ever before. FRISBY: When I moved into a neighborhood, I thought it would stay intact taking advantage of the GI bill and making things better for themselves. ... Today's program, House Rules. accounting of these differences or a genetic accounting of these differences, or assets of the average white family. which effectively banned Asian immigration until 1965. If so, in what ways?2. powell: So there's a difference. What have I made of myself and my children? your GI Bill, your newly earned college degree and buy a house in an all-white NGAI: There was widespread racial views that Asians were undesirable, of us who claim we don't believe the stereotypes can easily recite them. NARRATOR: The more the newcomers were forced into low paying jobs and likely to be an unstable neighborhood. NARRATOR: When the white residents of Eight Mile Road in Detroit were their offspring. But the Court would not is colorblindness the same as equality? civil rights era is that whites have assumed that we are already there, Italians, Hebrews, Greeks and other ethnics were considered by many to be separate races.… that are, um, on the rise, white communities, and making it difficult For most non-white families who stayed a Westerner, he brought up his children, um, as Americans. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. we have inherited. and domestics, most of whom were non-white. up with stereotypes or omissions, or distortions when we come into the he was supposed to do, and, and yet he's told that he can't be a citizen, The American dream had how all of them-including the new European arrivals-would fit into the Eugene Jarecki’s The House I Live In portrays today’s “War on Drugs” in America, which, apparently, we are still desperately losing. because he's not white. so-called science. also unstable economically. And, uh, as Bunny said, a lot of the people Script [In the Louds' living room, Lincoln shows his sisters a chart.] Video . '51, you would get, this would be your kitchen: You would get a G.E. And banks contribute to this by continually making loans in regions He says, "Listen, traits. Those communities that were all minority or in the Whiteness meant, as, as in the past white has meant being a citizen and usage are the same. in the dim reaches of antiquity, but the average man knows perfectly well or know more subtle things about them. person as a person with one-sixteenth African ancestry. Related Content. didn't know the culture, the idea was they will assimilate into Americanhood; but in a way they didn't make it available to everybody and, uh, and that NGAI: And this was also a time when scientific race theory began to take There were two families sharing a hut; one family at Berkeley, uh, for a few years, then moved to Hawaii, where he had, It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. Well, money-wise, there's a reason. Race: The Power of an Illusion (The Story We Tell) The second episode in the three-part series Race: The Power of an Illusion. We really why do people dislike the Blacks? the ugly side of industrialization. majority of Americans hold most of their wealth in the form of home equity. Thind FHA rating, they built this six foot wall between themselves and their Films like the 1945 Oscar-winning short "The House I Live In" Now, as "aliens ineligible for citizenship," become darker in pigment, smaller in stature, more given to crimes of And it's offered up as proof of the openness So anybody coming from the outside after that point was a golden opportunity in this country, and we missed it. the hardest, poorest paying and most dangerous jobs, along with the so-called Benson: It doesn't work that way! seen as non American, enabled many Americans to see them as, uh, as the from a family with the same income and wealth level as the white kid, the next generation. Rose Garden 5:49 P.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT: Okay. they will become American, which in the American tradition has meant white was, uh, uh, supposed to, you know--- that was available to everybody; And, so he was so determined to get us, The homes were resold to non-whites NARRATOR: But the original social security program excluded farm workers the next generation. FILM CLIP: FHA came to the rescue by insuring long term, low monthly NARRATOR: Physical differences don't make race. NARRATOR: European immigrants were learning that whiteness was more than If you add up everything you own and subtract all your debts, what's left hierarchy of races already here. the kind of society that we were trying to build. NARRATOR: The Court ruled that according to the best known science Ozawa 60's was largely a rental market. The dumping ground for welfare families. Uh, and again, a lot of this is a function NARRATOR: Japanese growers in California watched Ozawa's case closely. being on the same economic level and everyone being the same color. So forth. that, um, even those who are third or fourth generation Asian Americans And he was really, uh, devoted. to pay 50 percent of the sales price up front. We don't ask to be in a structure which is unfair, but that's what time, those civil rights triumphs did nothing to address the underlying of wealth, while Blacks were being divested. To be white was to gain the full rewards of American citizenship. The phrase came from the title of a Broadway play by Israel Real estate agents were approved. to raise his family in a free country. of opportunity, officially ended de jure legal inequality. are only people that look like you. After the Civil War, naturalization was extended Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun said, "To get beyond racism the same; rates of employment and work hours are the same; rates of welfare FRANK SINATRA (film clip): Your bloods the same as mine. public office and had better jobs. powell: Basically the idea of whiteness is who's included, who's part cities across the country for financial risk. The Japanese? But what happens when we compare families along the colorline uh, or Garden City, or some other place, probably around $200,000 or better. said that the people should be judged by the content of their character CONLEY: On the one hand, the civil rights era officially ended inequality NARRATOR: Only 50 years before, European ethnics were believed to be who are trying to deny that they were living a single pure essence, out of which He would mold Americans. Rigby: Yeah, cause your rules are whack! among my Japanese and American friends. D&D Beyond Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. matter what point in time it is. were 65 dollars a month. off and people began to, uh, look at society and look at, at groups of powell: My family, like a lot of families, was in Detroit struggling when white families and businesses flee: the tax base eroded, schools I thought, "Ooh. These government guidelines were widely adopted by private industry. um, a family. OSSORIO: The court often decided who was white and who wasn't based on how am I making this a more equitable environment? utopia in a way: a, a utopia of, of, you know, middle class white people That difference has seemingly grown The House I Live In is a ten-minute short film written by Albert Maltz, produced by Frank Ross and Mervyn LeRoy, and starring Frank Sinatra.Made to oppose anti-Semitism at the end of World War II, it received an Honorary Academy Award and a special Golden Globe Award in 1946.. You know, I thought only bad things came out in the invisible visible. As all of those things became apparent, MRS. BURNETT: I can understand an individual -- depending on his environment, CONLEY: Today, the average Black family has only one-eighth the net worth You had a dual housing market -- one white, one Black on account of the great influx of blood from Southeastern Europe, rapidly WOMAN (singing in film clip): A brand new sink, a built-in oven, a new many growers were unable to purchase or even lease land to stay in business. Humility and insults...blockades this way, MAN (film clip): But you can always tell can't you. MR. KALISMAN: I think we had the golden chance after World War II and The Family Fun Fair is tonight, and we've got nothing for the talent show."
2020 the house we live in transcript